Baringo Music Paper 3 questions and answers

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MUSIC

Paper 3

July 2011

BARINGO COUNTY EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENT EXAMINATION

Kenya Certificate of Secondary School

MUSIC

Paper 3

MARK SCHEME

SECTION A: BASIC SKILLS

1(a)      Writing a sixteen bar melody.

            16 bars.                                                                                                            (1mark)

            Lyricism.                                                                                                         (2marks)

            Modulation to the sub-dominant and back to the tonic.                                (2marks)

            Sequence.                                                                                                        (1mark)

            Duplet.                                                                                                            (1mark)

            Melodic shape/climax.                                                                                    (2marks)

            Cadential  points.                                                                                            (2marks)

Phrase marks.                                                                                                  (1mark)

  (b)      Setting words to music.

syllabic division/setting.                                                                                  (2marks)

            Rhythmic variety.                                                                                           (1mark)

Speech rhythm.                                                                                               (2marks)

Melodic curve.                                                                                                (1mark)

Phrase marks .                                                                                                 (1mark)

Cadences .                                                                                                       (2marks)

Form.                                                                                                               (1mark)

Lyricism.                                                                                                         (2marks)

2.         Harmony

            Chords.                                                                                                           (6marks)

            Voice leading. (ATB)                                                                                      (3marks)

            Voice range.                                                                                                    (1marks)

            Appropriate chord progression.                                                                      (6marks)

Cadences at phrase ends.                                                                                (2marks)

            Correct use of 6 chords.                                                                                  (2marks)

                                    4

            Deduct 

            -consecutive 5ths and 8-ves         ½ a mark each                                                 .           max (4marks)

            -parallel 8-ves

            -incomplete chords                                                                                          ½  mark each

            -crossing of parts                                                                                             ½  mark each

            -missing chord                                                                                                 ½  mark each

            -wrong stems   (1 mark as a whole)                                                                 max (1 mark)

 SECTION B: HISTORY AND ANALYSIS (48 marks)

3. AFRICAN MUSIC  

 (a)       Explain the role played by costumes and décor in musical performance.     

  • identifying the dance
  • enhance dance formation
  • Distinguish specific roles of the performers
  • Magnify/ enhance body movements
  • Make the dance attractive.
  • Manifest the cultural background of the performance

Any 4 x1 max             (4 marks)

(b)     Marimba is a Kenyan instrument.                                                                  

  1. Origin –Mijikenda ( Duruma )                                             (1mark)
  2. category  – Melodic idiophone                                               (1 mark)
  3. instruments played with marimba in an ensemble 
  4. Chapuo
  5. Mshondo
  6. Chivoti
  7. Uteo
  8. Njuga/Nzuga

Any 2 x1 max                                                 (2marks)

  (c)      State three factors that influence sound production on a flute.

  • Material used to make the flute.
  • Length of flute
  • The size of barrel/ tube
  • Number of finger holes
  • Distance between holes
  • Size and position of mouthpiece/ embouchure
  • Blowing techniques

Any 3 x1 max                                                 (3marks)

  (d)     communities that perform the dances.                                   

  1. Embegete       – Kuria           
  2. Okeng’o          -Luo   

iii)        Mumburo       -Agikuyu

3 x1 max                                                         (3marks)

Any 2 x1 max             (2marks)

4. WESTERN MUSIC

         Answer any two of the questions (a), (b), (c) and (d).

            a) G.P. Palestrina

i)          Nationality –                                                                (1 mark)

ii)         Main genre of music he composed. –              (1 mark)

iii)        Characteristic features of his music    3×1 max                      (3marks)

  • Rhythms
  • Melodies
  • Harmonies

iv)        Reformation                                                                            (1 mark)

(iv)       Palestrina’s contribution to the church music during the reformation.           (1 mark)

   b) W.A Mozart

            i)          He belonged to the Classical period                          1 x1 max         (1 mark)

            ii)         Factors that influenced Mozart as a composer.                     

  • A son of a musician father who taught him violin and to compose music.
  • Toured other countries and attended performances of other musicians like J. S. Bach.
  • Married a singer who influenced some of his works.
  • His strict patron the Archbishop of Salzburg.
  • His generally unhappy life.

Any 4 x1 max             (4 marks)

iii)        A requiem is a mass for the dead.                                              1 x1 max   (1 mark)

iv)        The requiem that he composed is Requiem mass in D minor.  1 x1 max    (1 mark)

c) Peter I. Tchaikovsky.

  1. xxxxxxxxxxxxxx                                                                                (1 mark)

ii)         xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx                                                            (2 marks)

iii)        xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx                                                  (1 mark)

iv)       

d) Benjamin Britten

i)          His best known orchestral work is “The young person’s guide to the Orchestra”.

                                                                                                 1 x1 max                    (1 mark)

ii)         State any three sources that influenced Britten’s music writing style.          

  • Purcell and the English choral tradition.
  • The Neo-classicism of Stravinsky.
  • The twelve tone music of the Second Viennese School.

3 x1 max                     (3 marks)

iii)        The following works are-                                           

                        Peter Grimes   –           an Opera

                        War requiem    –           Choral Music

                        Les Illuminations –      A song for soprano and string orchestra.

Any 3 x1 max             (3 marks)

5. Prescribed African Music:

Turkana Folksong by Kakuma Primary School

a)        The medium of the ensemble is vocal and instrumental (Voice, Horn, jingles, and    

Whistle)                                                                       Any 3 x1 max             (3 marks)

b)        Describe the presentation in terms of tempo.                                                 

  • Starts at a quick tempo followed by a slow speed, then a tempo, followed again by a slow speed, a tempo and the last section is slightly slower.

Any 4×1 max              (4 marks)

c)         Compararison

         The introductory section is:-

  • less vigorous
  • There is no singing but only has embellishments.
  • Very short
  • Only a horn is used
  • Performed by male voice only

         The Final section is: –                                      

  • vigorous
  • A lot of singing
  • longer
  • Instruments used include ahorn, whistle, and jingles.
  • Performed by mixed voices.

Any three comparisons 3×1 max                  (3 marks)

d         The jingles used in the recording are called Ngochiroi.                                 

                                                                                                   Any 1×1 max           (1 mark)

6.   Prescribed Western:

Schubert: Piano Quintet ‘The Trout’

  1. With reference to bar numbers and specific sections, describe:-

i) Tempo alteration.                                                                             (2 marks)

ii) Dynamic variance                                                                           (2 marks)

 b)        Describe the relationship between: –                                      

i) The right hand and the left hand of the piano section in variation III.       (1mark)                                                                                                                                                                       

            ii) Bar 109 and 110 in the double bass section.                                              (1mark)

iii) The tonal registers in variation IV and V.                                                 (1mark)           

c)         Identify an entire section where the string quartet sounds independent        (1mark)                                                                                                                       

d)         Write bar 136 of the viola the way it would sound in the treble clef.            (2 marks)

SECTION C: GENERAL MUSIC KNOWLEDGE (20 MARKS)

7.  a)    Definition of terms.                                                  

A Symphonic poem is a one movement work for orchestra in free form, highly descriptive and generally based on some aspect of literature, painting, history etc.

Postlude – a final or concluding phase, chapter, or development

Chorister- a member of a chorus, choir, or other group of singers

Piano Quintet –A work for piano and four instruments. It is an ensemble consisting of a piano and four other instruments, usually two violins, a viola, and a cello.

 

 Ululation– A high pitched vocal ornament usually in jubilation or used in music to mark the height of performance or to indicate change.                                                                      Ostinato-This is a motive or phrase that is repeated persistently, usually at the same pitch.

Metronome mark– It is an indicator of the tempo of a piece of music showing the number of beats per minute.                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Any 5 x1 max             (5 marks)

b)         Differentiate between:-                                                                                

  • Tonal and Atonal

Tonal refers to music that is written in a harmonic system in which there is a key i.e. in definite pitch while Atonal describes music in which the notes are not related by any mode or key.                    

Any 2 x1 max             (2 marks)

  • Oratorio and Passion

An Oratorio is a sacred musical setting for chorus, vocal solos, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative text but without acting, scenery or costumes, while an Opera is a secular musical setting for chorus, vocal solos, and orchestra, usually with acting, scenery and costumes.                    

                                                                                    Any 2 x1 max             (2 marks)

  • Lied and Chorale– A lied is a German art song with a solo voice part and an interwoven  piano accompaniment of equal importance while a chorale is a hymn tune , especially  slow and stately , originally intended for congregational singing in the Lutheran Church.
 

Any 2 x1 max             (2 marks)

c)         Music at concert pitch re-written for a horn in F.        

                        Concert pitch

                        Horn in F

d)         The Kenya National Anthem             

(i)         Community of the original melody – Pokomo                       (1mark)           

            (ii)        Commissioners who participated in its arrangement.

  • Thomas Kalume
  • Washington Omondi
  •  Peter Kibukosya
  • George Senoga-Zake
  •  Graham Hyslop.

                                                 Any 2 x1                    max (2 marks)

(iii)       The Kenya National anthem is in a minor mode.                  (1mark)           

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