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KCSE CRE PAST PAPERS 1996-2018

CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS EDUCATION PAPER 1 1996

1.         Give five reasons why reading the Bible is important to Christians.              (5mks)

2.         Identify five teachings on the relationship between human beings and the environment from the Genesis stories to creation.                                          (5mks)

3.         State five ways in which the Israelites worshiped god in the wilderness during the exodus.                                                                                                           (5mks)

4.         State five Challenges that Prophet Elijah faced in Israel                               (5mks)

5.         State five teachings of Jesus on sin.                                                               (5mks)

6.         Write down five instructions given by Jesus                                                  (5mks)

7.         Give five reasons why the transfiguration of Jesus marked an important event in his life.                                                                                                               (5mks)

8.         What does the story of rich man and Lazarus teach on the proper use of wealth?

(5mks)

9.         State five ways in which the Roman Empire helped in the spread of the early Church.                                                                                                                   (5mks)

10.       Write down five activities of the Church in Kenya which show that the Holy Spirit is working among Christians.                                                                                    (5mks)

11.       State any five ways in which Christians in Kenya show respect to the Government.                                                                                                           (5mks)

12.       State the duties of a traditional African communities helped bereaved families (5mks)

13.       State five ways in which people in the traditional Africa marriage.               (5mks)

14.       Give five reason why courtship was as important aspect of traditional African marriage.                                                                                                    (5mks)

15.       Identify five problems which Dr. Ludwing Crapft experienced when he worked as a missionary in Kenya between 1844 and 1858.                                             (5mks)

16.       State five ways in which the missionaries in Kenya helped to rehabilitate the freed slaves in the nineteenth century.                                                                       (5mks)

17.       Give five reasons why some missionaries in Kenya condemned the practice of female circumcision.                                                                                                          (5mks)

18.       State five factors which hinder Christians in Kenya from helping the needy. (5mks)

19.       Identify five causes of conflicts between parents and children in Kenya today. (5mks)

20.       Give five reasons why Christians in Kenya encouraged young people to seek church weddings.

C.R.E P2 313/2 1996

1.         a)         Discuss the circumstances which led to the exile of the Israelites in Babylon

(16mks)

            b)         Identify factors which cause disunity among Christians today.        (9mks)

2.         a)         With reference to the stories of the birth and infancy of Jesus, describe the

occasions when the angel of the Lord appeared.                                                                                                                                                                    (8mks)

            (b)        What problems did Jesus experience during his ministry?                 (8mks)

3.         a)         Discuss the teachings of Jesus in the parable of the sower.                (8mks)

            b)         How did the early Christians community preserve the teachings of Jesus?

                                                                                                                        (8mks)

c)         Explain different ways in which Christians in Kenya use the Bible to spread the good news.                                                                     (8mks)

4.         a)         Give reasons why cleansing rituals were performed in traditional African

Communities.                                                                          (16mks)

b)         Explain the factors which promoted harmony in traditional African communities .

5.         a)         Explain the factors which favoured the spread of Christianity in Kenya

between 1900 and 1914.                                                         (11mks)

b)         Describe the role of the mission stations in transforming the African community.                                                                            (14mks)

6.         a)         Give reasons why some Christians are opposed to the use of capital

 punishment.                                                                            (8mks)

b)         What lessons can Christians learn from the actions of Pilate during the trial of Jesus?                                                                                             (8mks)

c)         State ways in which Christians in Kenya help those who have been released from prison.                                                                           (9mks)

CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS EDUCATION PAPER 1 NOV. 1997

1.         Identify five responsibilities given to human beings by God in the Genesis stories of creation.                                                                                           (5mks)

2.         List the qualities of Moses shown during his call at Mount Sinai      (5mks)

3.         Give any five qualities of the servant of Yahweh according to prophet Isaiah

                                                                                                                        (3mks)

4.         State five factors which led to the division of the Kingdom of Israel after the death of King Solomon.                                                                             (5mks)

5.         Write down five teachings of John the Baptists about Jesus Christ.  (5mks)

6.         Write down five lessons that Christians can learn about the mission of Jesus from the incident when the teachers of the Law and the Pharisees brought to him a woman who was caught committing adultery.                                                        (5mks)

7.         State five Christian’s teachings about the Lord’s Supper.                 (5mks)

8.         Identity five causes of disunity in the early church                            (5mks)

9.         Write down five teaching about Jesus from Peter’s speech on the day of Pentecost.

                                                                                                                        (5mks)

10.       State five effects of the conversion of Paul on the early Church       (5mks)

11.       State the teachings of St Paul in the Resurrection                              (5mks)

12.       Write down five lessons on the cost of discipleship that Christians can learn from the Uganda martyrs.                                                                             (5mks)

13.       Identify five traditional African Practices which demonstrates people’s belief in God.                                                                                                       (5mks)

14.       Identify five occasions when oaths were administered in traditional African Communities                                                                                     (5mks)

15.       List occasions when the services of a medicine man were required in traditional African communities                                                                               (5mks)

16.       State five factors which hindered expansion of the Christian missionary work in Kenya in the nineteenth Century.                                                          (5mks)

17.       Give five reasons why Kenyans are attracted to the Church                         (5mks)

18.       Suggest five ways in which the Church in Kenya could help street children. (5mks)

19.       State five ways in which Christians practice social justice.                (5mks)

20.       State five advantages of a monogamous marriage.                            (5 marks)

C.R.E P2 313/2 1997

1.         a)         Describe in which King David promoted the worship of Yahweh in Israel

                                                                                                                        (12mks)

b)         What do Christian learn about God from the call of Prophet Isaiah? (7mks)

c)         In what ways do Christians show gratitude to god                            (6mks)

2.         a)         With reference to the parables of Jesus , explain his teachings about the

Kingdom of God.

b)         Describe the obstacles that a Christian could encounter in trying to promote social justice in Kenya.                                                          (12mks)

3.         a)         State the teachings of Saint Paul in 1 Corinthians 13 about love  (9mks)

b)         Identify ways in which the disciples of Jesus demonstrated their live for him.                                                                                             (8mks)

c)         Discuss the problems that Church ministers (priests) encounter in their work                                                                                               (8mks)

4.         a)         Discuss the measures taken by the traditional African communities to

discourage pregnancy before marriage.                                  (12mks)

b)         What factors have contributed to sexual immorality among the youth in Kenya today?                                                                                          (7mks)

c)         Suggest ways in which the church can help single parents     (6mks)

5          a)         Describe the practices in the early church which are observed in the

church in Kenya today?                                                          (13mks)

b)         Give reasons why early missionaries condemned traditional African music

and dance.                                                                               (12 mks)

6.         (a)        Describe ways in which Christians make use of science and  technology to

spread the gospel                                                                    ( 10 mks)

(b)        Explain the religious significance  of the  environment in traditional African communities                                                                          ( 7 mks)

Christians Religious Education Paper 1 Nov. 1998

1.               What is meant by the expression “the bible is the word of God”?           (5 mks)

2.               State five characteristics of God’s covenant with Abraham                    (5 mks)

3.               State five attributes of God as shown in the Jewish Passover                 (5 mks)

4.               From the teachings of Prophet Elijah state five effects of idolatry to the Israelites                                                                                                                                (5 mks)

5.               State five teachings of Jesus in the Parable of the lost sheep and lost coin                                                                                                                                             (5 mks)

6.               Identify five lessons from the healing of Bartimaeus the blind beggar                                                                                                                                                    ( 5 mks)

7.               Write down five teachings about Jesus from the cure of the paralytic     ( 5 mks)

8.               Write down five events that took place following Jesus death on the cross

( 5 mks)

9.               Give five qualities of an apostle in the early church                                 ( 5 mks)

10.             State five activities a modern Christian can perform in order to be Considered a true follower of Christ                                                                            ( 5 mks)

11.             With reference to African traditional communities, state five factor that promote

            harmony and mutual responsibility in Kenya today.                                ( 5 mks)

12.             Give five reasons why initiation rites were important in African traditional

            communities                                                                                              ( 5 mks)

13.             State five ways in which Christians spread the gospel of Jesus Christ today

( 5 mks)

14.             State five reasons why, marriage in traditional African communities is regarded as a covenant                                                                                           ( 5 mks)

15.             List five responsibilities of priests in traditional African communities    ( 5 mks)

16.             Give reasons why taboos are important in traditional African communities

( 5 mks)

17.             Give five reasons why a Christian should not resort to strike action as a way of

            Presenting grievances                                                                                ( 5 mks)

18.             Identify five reasons why the taking of alcohol as a way of spending leisure time is condemned                                                                                        ( 5 mks)

19.             Give five reasons which motivate Christians to take vows in marriage   ( 5 mks)

20.             State five reasons why a preacher may be disliked by the society today ( 5 mks)

Christians Religious Education Paper 2 313/2   1998

1.         (a)        Describe how the Israelites worshipped God before the Babylonian exile

                                                                                                                              ( 10 mks)

  • Why did the Prophets of the Old Testament condemn the way the Israelites worshiped?                                                                                       ( 10 mks)
  • Give reasons why children should be introduced to the worship of God at an early age                                                                                          ( 5 mks)

2.         (a)        Discuss the areas of conflict between Jesus and the Jewish Religious leaders

which eventually led to his death.                                                      ( 16 mks)

(b)        Explain the causes of conflict between the young and the old people in the

Church today                                                                                      ( 4 mks)

  • State the various ways in which Christians resolve misunderstanding between

parents and their children.                                                                  ( 5 mks)

3.         (a)        Relate Saint Paul’s teaching on responsibility for others according to

Galatians (6: 1-10)                                                                              ( 8 mks)

  • Discuss reasons why members of Christians families in Kenya find it difficult to harmoniously live together                                                                       ( 10 mks)
  • Explain how the church strengthens family relationships today        ( 7 mks)

4.         (a)        Describe how wealth was acquired in traditional African communities

                                                                                                                                    (5 mks)

  • Explain how money economy has undermined the Principles of Christians living                                                                                                    (12 mks)
  • With reference to the proper use of wealth in the Bible, state various ways in which Christians in Kenya utilize their wealth                              ( 5 mks)

5.         (a)        In what ways were the Africans affected by the introduction of Christianity in

Kenya by 1914?                                                                                  (16 mks)

  • Discuss the government’s contribution towards the evangelization process in

Kenya today                                                                                       (9 mks)

6.         (a)        With reference to the story of Perpetua and Felistas, discuss the cost of

discipleship among early Christians in Africa                         ( 9 mks)

  • Give reasons why some Christians are opposed to women leadership in the church today                                                                                       ( 10 mks)
  • Explain ways through which women leadership is promoted in the church today                                                                                                    ( 5 mks)


Christian Religious Education Paper 1 Nov. 1999

1.         Identify five lessons that Christians learn about the call of Moses                ( 5 mks)

2.         Give five activities of King Jeroboam that made the Israelites in the Northern

Kingdom turn away from God                                                                       ( 5 mks)

3.         State five failures Prophet Micah condemned Israel’s leaders for                 ( 5 mks)

4.         With reference to Jeremiah chapter 1:4- 19, state Jeremiah’s five responses

to God’s call                                                                                                   ( 5 mks)

5.         List five Jewish ceremonies in which Jesus was involved                              ( 5 mks)

6.         Give five reasons why Jesus was rejected by the people of his  home town  of

Nazareth                                                                                                          ( 5 mks)

7.         Identify five lessons Christians learn from Jesus reply to the Sadducees question on

Resurrection                                                                                                    ( 5 mks)

8.         List five teachings of Jesus from the beatitudes                                             ( 5 mks)

9.         State five teachings of Jesus on the cost of discipleship                                ( 5 mks)

10.       Give five lessons Christians can learn from the incident of Ananias and Sappira in the

Acts of the Apostles                                                                                       ( 5 mks)

11.       Identify five occasions when prayers were offered in traditional African Communities

                                                                                                                                    ( 5 mks)

12.       State five rituals marking the birth of child traditional African communities           

( 5 mks)

13.       With reference to traditional African communities state five ways in which the

African sought reconciliation with God                                                         ( 5 mks)

14.       List five factors that affected traditional African Education system             ( 5 mks)

15.       State five ways in which the gifts of the Holy Spirit have been abused in the church

Today                                                                                                              ( 5 mks)

16.       Give five ways in which Christians spread the gospel using the print media ( 5 mks)

17.       State five ways in which Christians demonstrate obedience to Jesus command to

love one’s neighbour                                                                                       ( 5 mks)

18.       Identify five problems which have resulted from freedom of worship in Kenya today

                                                                                                                                    ( 5 mks)

19.       Give reasons why Christians should obey the laws of their country              ( 5 mks)

Christian Religious Education Paper 2 313/ 2 1999

1.         (a)        Describe ways in which Abraham demonstrated his faith in God     ( 6 mks)

  • Identify ways in which the disciples  of Jesus demonstrated their faith in him

            (12 mks)

  • Give reasons why Christians should trust in God in their daily lives ( 5 mks)

2.         (a)        Explain how King Solomon turned away from the covenant way of life

                                                                                                                                    ( 6 mks)

            (b)        With reference to the teachings of Jeremiah describe how the Israelites were

encouraged to live in hope during Babylonian exile                           (10 mks)

(c)        Identify the activities the church engages in to demonstrate love for others

                                                                                                            ( 9 mks)

3.         (a)        Using examples from the life  and ministry of Jesus show how he tried to 

promote social equality                                                                       ( 12 mks)

(b)        How did the disciples react to Jesus use of parables in his teaching? ( 5 mks)

(c)        State ways in which Christians show their belief in God?     ( 8 mks)

4.         (a)        With Reference to the life and ministry of Jesus  Identify activities which

show that he is a worker

(b)        Give reasons why people work in traditional African Communities ( 5 mks)

(c)        Explain the factors that a Christian should consider when choosing a career

                                                                                                            ( 6 mks)

5.         (a)        What are the New testament teachings about children?                     ( 9 mks)

(b)        Give ways in which traditional African communities show respect for the unborn Child                                                                                         ( 6 mks)

(c)        Explain how a child learns to be part of the traditional community

                                                                                                            ( 10 mks)

6.         (a)        Describe  methods  used by the missionaries to win converts among the

Kenyan communities before 1963                                                      ( 16 mks)

            (b)        What factors have led to increase of Christian denominations in Kenya today

                                                                                                                        ( 9 mks)

Christians Religious Education

Paper 1

Nov. 2000

1.         Give promise that God made to Abraham                                                      ( 5 mks)

2.         State five ways in which God reveled himself to the Israelites on Mount Sinai                                                                                                                                            ( 5 mks)

3.         Identify five ways used by the Israelite Kings to bring people back to God ( 5 mks)

4.         Give five ways in which God used Hosea to show the Israelites that despite their Sinfulness he still loved them                                                                          ( 5 mks)

5.         List five events which took place the night Jesus was born                           ( 5 mks)

6.         State five ways in which John the Baptist prepared the way for the 

Messiah                                                                                                           ( 5 mks)

7.         Give five lessons Christians learn about the nature of Jesus from the incident

            When he cast out a demon from a man in a synagogue at Capernaum          ( 5 mks)

8.         What five lessons can a Christian learn from the parable of the prodigal son?

                                                                                                                                    ( 5 mks)

9.         Name five characteristics of an apostle of Jesus Christ                                  ( 5 mks)

10.       Give five reasons why Christians should live in a community                       ( 5 mks)

11.       List five missionary groups that established mission stations in Kenya between 1890

and 1904                                                                                 ( 5 mks)

12.       State five factors that led to the rise of African leadership in the Christians Church in

Kenya                                                                                                              ( 5 mks)

13.       State five factors that led to the rise of African leadership in the Christian church in

Kenya                                                                                                              ( 5 mks)

14.       State five factors which ed to the coming of missionaries to Kenya             ( 5 mks)

15.       State five problems that hinder effective church influence in the social life of the

community                                                                                                      ( 5 mks)

16.       Identify five African cultural expressions used in Christian worship today. (5 marks)

17.       Write down five ways in which modern Christians use their leisure time.     (5mks)

18.       State five ways in which the church can promote self employment in modern society.                                                                                                                                (5mks)

19.       What roles can Christians play in the national election?                                 ( 5marks)

20.       Identify five ways in which a Christian can show respect for life today.      ( 5marks)

Christian Religious Education paper 2 313/2 2000

1.         a)         Give reasons why the Northern Kingdom of Israel was destroyed before the

Southern kingdom of Judah.                                                              (12mks)

            b)         Describe the problems faced by Prophet Elijah in Israel.                   ( 7marks)

            c)         Explain how church leaders are put to test today.                              (6 marks)

2.         a)         With reference to the story of the woman caught in adultery, explain the

teachings of Jesus on forgiveness.                                                      (10 marks)

b)         What is the New Testament teaching on the Jewish attitude towards sin?                                                                                                                                        (8 marks)

            c)         State the actions the church members would take in handling cases of

dishonesty.                                                                               (7 marks)

3.         a)         Describe the conversion of Paul the Apostle by Jesus Christ as recorded in the

Acts of the Apostles.                                                  (12marks)       

            b)         Identify the problems faced by the early church before the conversion of Paul

the Apostle.

            c)         Give reasons why a person should be converted to Christianity.       (7marks)

4.         a)         Give reasons why Christians condemn idleness         (10marks)

            b)         Explain factors that have led to unemployment in Kenya today.(8marks)

            c)         Outline steps the church in Kenya has taken to solve the problem

of employment.                                                          

5.         a)         How was marriage formalized in traditional African communities  (8marks)

            b)         Why was polygamy common in traditional African communities. ( 8marks)

            c)         State the role of parents in a traditional African family                     (9marks)

6.         a)         Identify the steps the church is taking in assisting orphans.               (10 marks)

b)         Explain the factors that prevent effective church co –operation in Kenya.                                                                                                               (10marks)

c)         In what did the provision of health facilities by the early missionaries promote the spread of the gospel?                                                              (5marks)

Christian Religious Education paper 1 Nov. 2001

1.         State five versions of the Bible used by the churches in Kenya today          (5marks)

2.         State five characteristics of God revealed to Moses during the renewal of the Sinai Covenant.                                                                                                      (5mks)

3.         State five reasons why Samuel was opposed to the idea of having a king in Israel.                                                                                                                          (5mks)

4.         Give five problems prophet Jeremiah encountered before the Babylonian

Exile                                                                                                                (5marks)

5.         State five actions that took place during the presentation of Jesus in the temple                                                                                                                                          (5marks)

6.         Identify five teachings of Jesus about john the Baptist.                                (5mks)

7.         State five lessons Christians learn from the miracle of the raising of jairus’daughter.                                                                                                                       (5mks)

8.         Give five reasons why the disciples did not believe that Christians were persecuted.                                                                                                                      (5mks)

9.         Write down five ways through which the early Christians were persecuted.                                                                                                                                                            ( 5mks)

10.       List five spiritual gifts given to the church according to Saint Paul.

11.       List five way which the missionaries used to increase African participant in the

            Church in Kenya between 1844 and 1914.                                                    (5mks)

12.       State five ways which the missionaries used to increase African participation in the church in Kenya between 1940 and 1960.                                                           ( 5mks)

13.       State five reasons why the observance of the blood kinship is important in African traditional African societies.                                                                          (5mks)

14.       Give five reasons why the birth of a child is a joyous event in traditional African Societies.

15.       State five beliefs about the nature of God in traditional African communities.

                                                                                                                                    (5mks)

16.       State five ways through which human beings communicate with the spirit world in traditional African societies.

17.       Give five reasons why Christians should maintain the family unit.               (5mks)

18.       Identify five effects of irresponsible sexual behaviour in Kenya today.        (5mks)

19.       State five ways through which Christians show love to famine sticken people                                                                                                                                 (5mks)

20.       Identify five ways through which a Christians can help reduce the practice of corruption Kenya.                                                                                      (5mks)

Christian Religious Education paper 2 313 / 2 2001

1.         a)         What were the promises of God to David through prophet Nathan?            (8mks)

            b)         State the factors that led to failure of David’ successor.                   (7mks)

            c)         What are the factors that prevent political leaders form performing their duties

efficiently in Kenya today?                                                                (10mks)

2.         a)         Describe the problems faced by the Israelites during the Babylonian

exile.                                                                                                    (8mks)

b)         Explain the conditions of restoration of the Israelites as preached by prophet Ezekiel.                                                                                            (10mks)

c)         How harmony between the church and the state promoted by Christians in Kenya today?                                                                                     (7mks)

3.         a)         With reference to the life and ministry of Jesus how  he

fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah.                                                         (12mks)

            b)         Explain ways through which the power of God was seen in the early

church.                                                                                                            (8mks)

(c)        What is the importance of the baptism of Jesus to Christians today?            (5mks)

4.         a)         Give reasons why Jesus referred to the Pharisees as hypocites.         (12mks)

            b)         What do Christians learn from the parable of the wheat and rares?   (8mks)

            c)         Describe the duties given to the apostle by Jesus.                              (5mks)

5.         a)         Explain  the activities carried out in traditional African communities?

(6mks)

b)         State ways through which the youth are traditional African communities?                                                                                                               (7mks)

            c)         What is the role of a grandfather in traditional African communities?(6mks)

6.         a)         Describe the methods used by the early missionaries to improve the living

standards of the Africans in Kenya.                                                                                                                                                                                       (7 mks)

  • Give reasons why Christians in Kenya should work in unity.                                                                                                                                    (10mks)
  • Explain ways through which a Christian can serve God.


Christian religious Education

Paper 1

Nov 2002

  1. State five actions from the life of Abraham which showed that he had faith in God.                                                                                               (5mks)
  2. List five values which a Christian can learn from the call of Moses        (5mks)
  3. State five duties of Samuel as a prophet of God                                      (5mks)
  4. Give five expectations that the jews had concerning the Messiah           (5mks)
  5. List five miracles which show that Jesus had authority over nature.       (5mks)
  6. State five lessons Christians learn from the parable of the wheat and tares(5mks)
  7. State five actions of Jesus which show that he loved the needy.             (5mks)
  8. Give five reasons why Christians in the early church prayed.                  (5mks)
  9. State five ways in Peter’s life was transformed on the day of Pentecost.(5mks)
  10. State five reasons why the resurrection of Jesus is important to Christians.(5mks)
  11. State five reasons why Christians in the early church prayed.
  12.       Give five reasons why oaths were administered  in traditional Africa Communities                                                                                          (5mks)
  13. List five occasions when seers were consulted in traditional African

communities                                                                                              (5mks)

  1. State five factors that may hinder the traditional African practice of giving dowry.                                                                                                            (5mks)
  2. Identify five problems that Christian missionaries face today                 (5 mks)

17.      Give five reasons why trial marriage is condemned by the church           (5mks)

18.      Give five ways in which drug abuse could affect a Christian family        (5mks)

19.      State five reasons why a Christian are opposed to deforestation              (5mks)

20.      Give five reasons why Christians should participate in the law reform

Process in Kenya.                                                                                      (5mks)

Christian Religious Education paper 2 313/2 2002

1.         a)         From the Genesis stories of the fall of human beings, explain the results of

sin.                                                                                                       (14mks)

  • With reference to the incident of naboth’ vineyard, state how King Ahab

failed to keep the covenant laws.                                                       (5mks)

  • Give reasons why Christians should practice forgiveness.                 (6mks)

2.         a)         Outline the conditions giving by God to the Israelites during the renewal of

the Sinai covenant laws.                                                                     (10mks)

            b)         Explain the significance of the transfiguration of Jesus to his disciples.(8mks)

            c)         State ways in which Christians show respect to God.                        (7mks)

3.         a)         Explain how John the Baptist prepared the way for the Messiah.     (12mks)

            b)         What lessons do Christians learn from the call of the first disciples of Jesus?                                                                                                                                   (8mks)

            c)         Why are Christians baptized today?                                                   (5mks)

4.         a)         Describe the factors that led to the spread of Christianity in the Apostolic Age.                                                                                                                              (12mks)

            b)         In what ways the celebration of the Lord’s Supper misused in the church at

Corinth?                                                                                              (5mks)

c)        Give reasons why Christians take part in the Holy Communion.        (8mks)

5.         a)         Give reasons why there was singing during the initiation ceremonies in

traditional African communities.                                                        (12mks)

            b)         How were the initiates prepared for adult life in traditional African

communities?                                                                                      (7 mks)

            c)         Why do some traditional African communities practice ignition rites today.                                                                                                                                    (6mks)

6.         a)         Outline the steps the church is taking to reduce lawlessness in Kenya today.                                                                                                                                   (12mks)

            b)         State ways in which sex is abused in Kenya.                                     (6mks)

            c)         Describe the problems faced by a family living with a member who is living

with Acquired immune Defienciency syndrome.(AIDS)                   (7mks)

Christian Religious Education.

Paper 1

Nov. 2003

1.         Last five animals used in the making of the covenant between God and Abraham

(5mks)

2.         State five ways in which God’s power is demonstrated in the deliverance of the Israelites form Egypt to the Promised Land.

3.         List five types of leaders whom god gave his power to in the Old Testament.(5mks)

4.         State five titles given to the Messiah by prophet Isaiah.

5.         State five similarities in the announcement of the birth of John the Baptist and that of Jesus Christ.

6.         Identify five occasions in the life of Jesus when he was tempted                 (5mks)

7.         List five lessons Christians learn about Jesus from the miracles of healing.   (5mks)

8.         List five parables used by Jesus to teach about the kingdom of God.           (5mks)

9.         State five works of the Holy Spirit in the early church.                                 (5mks)

10.       State five leadership qualities shown by Peter the Apostle on the day of Pentecost.                                                                                                                                    (5mks)

11.       List five practices of the early Christian community.                                     (5mks)

12.       State five traditional African customs that were condemned by the early Christian missionaries in Kenya.                                                                                    (5mks)

13.       Write down five teachings about God from the traditional African myths of creation.

14.       Identify five occasions when sacrifices are made in Traditional

 African communities.                                                                                     (5mks)

15.       State five roles of elders in traditional African communities.                        (5mks)

16.       Give five reasons why children are important in traditional African community

(5mks)

17.       Give five Christian teachings on human sexuality                                          (5mks)

18.       Identify ways in which Christians can overcome the temptation to drug abuse.(5mks)

19.       Give five reasons why Christians take up insurance policies.             (5mks)

20.       State five ways in which Christians in Kenya show respect for the state.     (5mks)

Christian Religious Education paper 2 313/2 2003

1.         a)         State the responsibilities given to human beings by God in Genesis  chapter 1

and 2.                                                                                                  (6mks)

            b)         Outline the lesions Christians learn about work from the Genesis stories of

creation.                                                                                              (12mks)

            c)         How can Christians care for God‘s creation today?                           (7mks)

2.         a)         With reference to the Old Testament, outline the characteristics of a true

prophet.                                                                                               (7mks)

            b)         Identify the evils that prophet Jeremiah condemned                         (12mks)

            c)         How should a Christian respond when offered a bribe?                    (6mks)

3.         a)         Relate the story of the feeding of the five thousand in Mark 6:30-44                                                                                                                                               (9mks)

            b)         How did the resurrected Christ reveal himself to his followers?       (10mks)

            c)         Give reasons why some people find it difficult to accept Jesus Christ.                                                                                                                                             (6mks)

4.         a)         With reference to the story of the rich man and Lazarus, explain the teachings

of Jesus on responsibility to others.                                                    (10mks)

            b)         How did the believers in the early church take care of the needy?    (8mks)

            c)         Identify ways in which the youth participate in the church in Kenya today.                                                                                                                                                (7mks)

5.         a)         Give reasons why pre- marital pregnancies were rare in traditional African

communities.                                                                                       (12mks)

            b)         State the causes of prostitution in Kenya today.                                (8mks)

            c)         What is the role of a midwife in traditional African communities?   (5mks)

6.         a)         Explain the effects of the translation of the Bible into African languages in

Kenya.                                                                                                 (14mks)

            b)         Give reasons why Christians use the bible in worship.                       (6mks)

            c)         Why is the church in Kenya opposed to genetic engineering?           (5mks)

Christian Religious Education Paper 1 2004

1.         Give five reasons why Moses was not willing to go back Egypt after his call.                                                                                                                                              (5mks)

2.         State five practices of idolatry during the time of Prophet Elijah.                 (5mks)

3.         List five visions that Amos saw concerning the coming judgment on the people of Israel.                                                                                                              (5mks)

4.         Identify five commandments given to the Israelites that teach on how to relate to one another.                                                                                                     (5mks)

5.         With reference to the visit of angle Gabriel to Mary, state fiche revelations about Jesus Christ.                                                                                                      (5mks)

6.         Give five qualities of the roman centurion, who requested Jesus to heal his servant.                                                                                                                                    (5mks)

7.         List five teachings about the kingdom of God from the parable of the treasurer and peal.                                                                                                               (5mks)

8.         Identify five ways through which Jesus prepared the disciples for his coming death.                                                                                                                                  (5mks)

9.         State five ways through which God revealed himself in the early church     (5mks)

10.       State five reasons why the early Christian shared meals.

11.       Give five reasons why a naming ceremony is important in traditional African communities.                                                                                                           (5mks)

12.       Write down five ways of solving conflicts in traditional African communities.                                                                                                                                            (5mks)

13.       Name five specialists in traditional African communities                              (5mks)

14.       State five roles of the ancestors in traditional African communities.             (5mks)

15.       List five protestant missions in Kenya by 1914.                                             (5mks)

16.       Write down five ways in which the catechists helped in spreading Christianity in Kenya.                                                                                                               (5mks)

17.       Give five factors that a Christian employer should consider when decision on a salary for an employee.                                                                                        (5mks)

18.       List five ways through which the church is rehabilitating wrong doers in Kenya today.                                                                                                                  (5mks)

19.       State five ways in which modern science and technology undermine Christian teaching on respect for human life.                                                                        (5mks)

20.       Identify five ways through which the church prepares the youth for marriage.                                                                                                                                            (5mks)

Christian Religious Education paper 2 2004

1.         a)         Outline the activities in the life of King David that showed he had faith in

God.                                                                                                    (12mks)

            b)         Identify the characteristics of God as portrayed in the life of King David                                                                                                                                       (7mks)

2.         a)         Relate the story of the healing of the man born blind (john 9:1-14)  (12mks)

            b)         What is the New Testament teaching on prayer?                               (6mks)

            c)         Why do some Christians find it difficult to pray?                              (7mks)

3.         a)         Outline the teaching of Jesus on the role of the holy spirit.               (8mks)

            b)         Identify the problems that Paul faced in spreading the gospel.         (12mks)

            c)         What lessons do Christian learn from the life of Stephen?                (5mks)

4.         a)         Why is leisure important in the life of a Christian youth?                  (12mks)

            b)         What factors have contributed to the misuse of leisure in Kenya today?     

(6mks)

            c)         Give reasons why the church condemns injustice in Kenya today.    (7mks)

5.         a)         Outline ways through which a marriage partner is chosen in traditional

African communities                                                                           (12mks)

            b)         Explain why divorce is rare in traditional African communities        (6mks)

            c)         Identify the effects of divorce on children in Kenya today.              (7mks)

6.         a)         Explain the factors that led to the establishment of African Independent

churches in Kenya.                                                                              (14mks)

            b)         Give reasons why missionaries were opposed to oath taking             (6mks)

            c)         What is the purpose of singing in the church today?                          (5mks)

C.R.E PAPER 1 2005

1.         Name the five books of the bible which are referred to as Pentateuch          (5mks)

2.         Write down five teachings about marriage from the biblical stories of creation (5mks)

3.         Give five reasons why the temple in Jerusalem was important to the Israelites (5mks)

4.         State five qualities of God from the teaching of prophet Hosea.                   (5mks)

5.         Give five reasons why Jesus was baptized.                                                    (5mks)

6.         State five reasons why Jesus healed the sick.                                                 (5mks)

7.         List five teachings about the kingdom of God from the parables of the Yeast and the mustard seed.                                                                                                         (5mks)

8.         Give five reasons why it was necessary for Jesus to have last supper with his disciples

(5mks)

9.         Identify five factors that enabled Paul to win converts among the Gentiles.            (5mks)

10.       State five reasons on the cost of discipleship that Christians learn from the story of

Perpetual and Felicita.                                                                                                (5mks)

11.       Write down five places where worship is carried out in traditional African communities.                                                                                                    (5mks)

12.       Give five reasons why seclusion after child birth is important in traditional

 African communities.                                                                                     (5mks)

13.       List five duties of diviners in traditional African communities                      (5mks)

14.       Write down five reasons why disputes over land were rare in traditional

African communities.                                                                                      (5mks)

15.       State five problems faced by the Christian missionaries in Kenya by 1914.

16.       Identify five causes of conflict between the youth and the old people in the church                                                                                                                                   (5mks)

17.       State five ways in which Christians use their talents to promote evangelism in Kenya today.

18.       Give five reasons why Christians should vote during the general elections   (5mks).

19.       Write down five consequences of denying employees rest.                           (5mks)

20.       Identify five ways in which Christians assist people who are leaving with HIV?AIDS                                                                                                                               (5mks)

2005 Christian Religious Education

Paper 2

1.         a)         Give reasons why the Israelites asked Samuel to appoint a king for them                                                                                                                                         (7mks)

            b)         What were the failures of King Saul?                                                 (12mks)

            c)         How has corruption affected the society in Kenya today?                (6mks)

2.         a)         Describe the call of prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 6)                                     (9mks)

            b)         Explain Jeremiah’s teaching on the ‘New Covenant”                        (10mks)

            c)         How should a Christian respond when offered a job in a hardship area?                                                                                                                                          (6mks)

3.         a)         With references to incident when Jesus was dedicated to God at the age of

forty days outline what Simeon and Anna revealed about his life.                                                                                                                                        (12mks)

            b)         What lesson did the disciples of Jesus learn from the miracle of the feeding of

the five thousand?                                                                              (7 mks)

            (c)        Why do some Christians find it difficult to share their wealth with others?

(6 mks)

4.         (a)        State the teachings of Jesus on how Christians should approach God in Prayer.

(6 mks)

  • With reference to the day of Pentecost, outline Peter’s message to the people

(12 mks)

  • What should be the qualities of an evangelist in Kenya today?         ( 6 mks)

5.         (a)        Discuss the factors that promote harmony and mutual responsibility in

traditional African communities.                                                        ( 8 mks)

  • What changes are taking place in property ownership in traditional African communities                                                                                        (10 mks)
  • Why is the church in Kenya opposed to the practice of wife inheritance?

(7 mks)

6.         (a)        Describe the changes the Christian missionaries introduced to the African

Communities in Kenya by 1945                                                         (12 mks)

  • What problems is the church in Kenya facing due to industrialization?                                                                                                                    (6 mks)
  • Outline the steps the church is taking to reduce poverty in Kenya today.                                                                                                                 ( 7 mks)


C.R.E PAPER 1 2006

1.         (a)        Give reasons why Christians read the bible                                        ( 8 mks)

            (b)        With reference to the Genesis stories of creation in chapters 1 and 2, outline

the attributes of God                                                                          ( 7 mks)

            (c)        What are the consequences of breaking taboos in traditional African

 communities?                                                                                     ( 5 mks)

2.         (a)        State the problems that God made to Abraham                                 ( 6 mks)

            (b)        What problems did Moses face as he led the Israelites during the exodus?

                                                                                                                                    ( 10 mks)

            (c)        Give reasons why circumcision was important to the Jews                ( 4 mks)

3.         (a)        Give reasons why the Israelites demanded for a king                                   ( 8 mks)

            (b)        State the achievements of Solomon as King of Israel                                   ( 6 mks)

            (c)        Identify the causes of power struggle in the church in Kenya today ( 6 mks)

4.         (a)        Explain the role of prophets in the Old Testament                             ( 6 mks)

            (b)        Give reasons why prophet Amos was against the way the Israelites

worshipped God                                                                                 ( 10 mks)

            (c)        How does God reveal himself to Christians today?                           ( 4 mks)

5.         (a)        Outline the problems that Nehemiah encountered in rebuilding the wall of

Jerusalem.                                                                                            ( 10 mks)

  • Identify the symbolic acts used by prophet Jeremiah to demonstrate God’s judgment and punishment to the Israelites.
  • What lessons do Christians learn from prophet Jeremiah to teaching on the new covenant?

6.         (a)        Explain the importance of rituals performed during a naming ceremony in

traditional African communities.                                                        ( 10 mks)

  • Identify the moral values acquire during marriage in traditional African  communities                                                                                            ( 5 mks)
  • Why is death feared in traditional African communities?                  ( 5 mks)


C.R.E PAPER 2 2006

1.         (a)        Describe the visit  of the angel of the Lord  to the Shepherds on the night

                        Jesus was born.                                                                                   ( 7 mks)

  • State the differences between the work of John the Baptist and that of Jesus Christ                                                                                                           ( 8 mks)
  •  What lesson do Christians learn about family relationship from the incident when Jesus accompanied his parents for the Passover festival         ( 5 mks)

2.         (a)        Outline the story of the raising of the widow’s son at Nain ( Luke 7: 11- 17)                                                                                                                                  ( 8 mks)

            (b)        Identify ways through which the church continues with the healing ministry of

Jesus Christ                                                                                         ( 7 mks)

(c)        Give the lessons that Christians learn from the transfiguration of Jesus.

(5 mks)

3.         (a)        Give reasons why Jesus used the parable  of the  lost son in his teaching

                                                                                                                                    ( 6 mks)

  • Outline the preparations that Jesus made  for the last supper.( Luke 22: 7- 14)

( 6 mks)

  • Identify the reasons that made Judas Iscariot betray Jesus                ( 8 mks)

4.         (a)        Identify the spiritual  gifts taught by Saint Paul in early church

                                                                                                                                    ( 6 mks)

  • Explain how the use of the  Holy Spirit brought disunity in the  church at Corinth                                                                                      ( 8 mks)
  • Outline the contribution of women in the church in Kenya today.    ( 6 mks)

5.         (a)        What are the advantages of a monogamous marriage?                       ( 8 mks)

            (b)        State the factors that have led to the misuse of drugs in Kenya today

                                                                                                                                    ( 7 mks)

            (c)        Give reasons why the church is involved in the fight against HIV and AIDS

                                                                                                                                    ( 5 mks)

6.         (a)        State the rights of citizens  in Kenya today                                        ( 7 mks)

            (b)        Give reasons why Christians pay taxes to the government in Kenya

                                                                                                                                    ( 5 mks)

            (c)        How is the church helping to reduce the rate of crime in Kenya?

                                                                                                                                    ( 8 mks)

K.C.S.E C.R.E PAPER 1 2009

  1. (a) From the genesis stories of creation, outline seven teachings about human

            beings                                                                                      ( 7 mks)

(b) With reference to the story of the fall of human beings in Genesis 3, State

      four effects of sin on Adam and Eve                                     ( 8 mks)

(c) How does the church help to bring back members who have fallen from the faith?                                                                         ( 5 mks)

  • (a) Explain four characteristics of a covenant demonstrated in the covenant

            Between God and Abraham.                                                  ( 8 mks)

(b) Give seven similarities between the Jewish and traditional African 

      Practice of circumcision                                                          ( 7 mks)

(c) Identify five lessons that Christians learn about God from the call of Abraham                                                                               ( 5 mks)

  • (a) State seven functions of the temple in The Jewish community ( 7 mks)

(b)  Identify six ways which show that king Solomon turned away from the covenant way of life                                                                   ( 6 mks)

(c) Give seven factors that have led to the increase of Christian denominations  in Kenya  today                                                                    ( 7 mks)

  • (a) Give four similarities between prophets in the Old Testament and traditional African communities.                                                      ( 8 mks)

(b) Outline five teachings of prophets Amos the remnant and restoration of the

      Israelites (Amos 9: 8 – 15)                                                      ( 5 mks)

(c) State the relevance of Prophet Amos teaching on  election of Israel to  Christians  in Kenya today                                                            ( 7 mks)

  • (a) State four promises that the Israelites made  when they renewed their

      covenant with God during the time of Nehemiah ( Nehemiah 10: 28- 29)

( 8 mks)

                 (b) Identify five final reforms  carried  out  by Nehemiah to restore the

                        Worship of God  in  Judah                                                     ( 5 mks)

                 (c) Write down seven problems that Christian leaders in Kenya  face  in their 

                        work today                                                                              ( 7 mks)

  •  (a) Outline  six rituals performed during the birth of a baby in traditional African  communities                                                                ( 6 mks)

(b) Give six reasons why children are important in traditional African  communities                                                                       ( 6 mks)

(c) Explain four ways children are made  responsible members in traditional African communities                                                             ( 8 mks)

K.C.S.E   C.R. E PAPER 2 2009

  1. (a) Outline the describe of prophet Isaiah about the messiah             ( 8 mks)

(b) State six activities that took place when Jesus was born (Luke 2: 6- 20)

                                                                                                            ( 6 mks)

(c) Explain the importance of singing in a Christian service               ( 6 mks)

  1. (a) Describe the incident when Jesus was rejected at Nazareth. ( Luke 4: 16- 30)

( 7 mks)

            (b) Give four reasons why Jesus faced opposition from the Pharisees in Galilee

                        (Luke 5: 12- 6: 11)                                                                  ( 8 mks)

            (c) State five ways in church leaders can respond to those who oppose them in

               Their work                                                                                        ( 5 mks)

  1.  (a) Identify five teachings that Jesus  made  to the guests  at the Pharisees’ house

(Luke 14: 1– 14)                                                                     ( 5 mks)

(b) Give four reasons why Jesus used the parable of the great feast in his teachings (Luke 14: 15 – 24)                                                                  ( 8 mks)

(c) Write down seven reasons why Christians take part in the Lord’s Supper

                                                                                                            ( 7 mks)

  1. (a) Give seven reasons why Jesus sent  the holy Spirit to the disciples after his  ascension                                                                                       ( 7 mks)

(b) Identify four teachings of Saint Paul on the similarities between the church and husband – wife relationship (Ephesians 5: 21- 32).                  ( 8 mks)

(c) State five ways in which Christians are able to identify those who posses the gifts of the holy spirit                                                                 ( 5 mks)

  1. (a) Outline eight Christians  teachings  on work                                 ( 8 mks)

(b) State the role of professionals ethics in a work place                    ( 6 mks)

(c)  Identify six way sin which the church is helping to reduce the rate of unemployment in Kenya today                                                 ( 6 mks)

  1. (a) Explain four negative  effects of the  introduction of money economy  on  traditional African Communities                                                   ( 8 mks)

(b) Outline six x teaching of Jesus on wealth                                     ( 6 mks)

(c) Give  six reasons  why Christians  should not involve themselves  in gambling

                                                                                                            ( 6 mks)

CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS EDUCATION

PAPER I – 2010

1. (a) Identify eight historical books in the Old Testament.                  (8 marks)
  (b) Give seven reasons why the Bible is referred to as a library.           (7 marks)
  (c) State five different occasions when Christians use the Bible.            (5 marks)

2. (a) State four ways in which God demonstrated His concern for the

      Israelites during the Exodus.                                           (8 marks)

  (b) How did the Israelites worship God when they were in the

      wilderness?                                                           (5 marks)

  (c) Identify seven challenges that Christians face while practicing their

      faith in Kenya today.                                                  (7 marks)

3. (a) From the story of Naboth’s vineyard, explain the commandments

      which King Ahab and Queen Jezebel broke.                           (8 marks)

  (b) With reference to 1St Kings 21: 17 – 29, give the forms of punishment
      prophesied by Elijah to King Ahab and Queen Jezebel.                (6 marks)

  (c) Why is killing condemned in traditional African communities?        (6 marks)


4. (a) Outline six characteristics of true prophets in the Old Testament.      (6 marks)

   (b) State four ways in which the rich oppressed the poor during the time

       of Prophet Amos.                                                    (8 marks)

   (c) Give six reasons why Christians find it difficult to help the needy in
       society today.                                                        (6 marks)

5. (a) Give six reasons why Jeremiah was not willing to accept the call of God
       to become a prophet.                                                 (6 marks)

   (b) Explain four evils condemned by Prophet Jeremiah during the Temple
       sermon.                                                              (8 marks)

   (c) State six ways in which Church leaders communicate God’s message
       to people in Kenya today.                                             (6 marks)

3

6. (a)  Name six places in which sacrifices are carried out in traditional

      African communities.                                                  (6 marks)

  (b) Give seven reasons why sacrifices are made in traditional African
      communities.                                                          (7 marks)

  (c) State seven roles of ancestors in traditional African communities.      (7 marks)

CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS EDUCATION

PAPER 2-2010

1.(a) Describe four activities that took place during the dedication of

     Jesus in the temple (Luke 2:22-40)                                                       (8 marks)

   (b) Outline seven lessons Christians learn from the incident when

       Jesus was left behind by his parents in the Temple (Luke 2: 41-52).   (7marks)

   (c) State five ways in which Christians show respect to places of worship

       in Kenya today.                                                                                           (5 marks)

2. (a) With reference to the sermon on the plain, state five teachings of

      Jesus on how human beings should relate to one another.                           (5 marks)

   (b) Describe the incident in which Jesus calmed the storm

      (Luke 8: 22-25).                                                                                     (10marks)

   (c) Identify five virtues that Christians learn from the miracle of the

      feeding of  the five thousand.                                                              (5 marks)                                                                                         

3. (a) State four accusations that were made against Jesus during his trial

      (Luke 22: 66-23:1-23).                                                                           (4marks)

  (b) Give five reasons why Jesus appeared to His disciples after         

 resurrection.                                                                                                 (10marks)

  • Why should Christians be discouraged from taking part is mob justice?                                                                                  (6marks)

4. (a) Explain the teaching of Peter concerning the people of God

      (1st Peter 2: 9 – 10).                                                                            (10marks)

   (b)    Give six ways through which Christians can promote unity among

            themselves in Kenya today.                                                                         (6marks)

   (c)    State how kindness as a fruit of the Holy Spirit is abused in the Church

            in Kenya today.                                                                                  (4marks)

5. (a)   State four similarities between the Christian and traditional African

       view on marriage.                                                                                    (8marks)

   (b)    Give six reasons why some young people are choosing to remain

            unmarried in Kenya today.                                                                           (6marks)

   (c)    Identify six ways in which the Church is helping to solve the problem of domestic violence in Kenya today.                                                   (6marks)

6         (a)        Explain the Christian view on plastic surgery in Kenya today.                                                                                                                                    (10marks)

           (b)        Describe four ways through which science and technology has
                        negatively affected the environment created by God.          (4marks)

           (c)        How can the youth in the Church carry out environmental

             restoration  in Kenya today?                                                           (6marks)

313/1

CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS EDUCATION

Paper 1

Oct./Nov. 2011

  • ½ hours.

1.  (a)   Explain the benefits of learning Christian Religious Education in Secondary School in Kenya                                                                               (8 marks)

(b)        Outline the major divisions of both Old and New testament (5 marks)

            (c)        Identify seven ways in which the bible is misused in Kenya today

(7 marks)

2. (a)    Describe how God prepared the Israelites for the making of the covenant at Mt. Sinai (Exodus 19).                                                                                  (8 marks)

(b)    Give four reasons that made the Israelites to break the covenant while at Mt. Sinai (Exodus 32:1-35)                                                                   (4 marks)

    (c)    What do Christians learn about the nature of God from the Exodus?(8 marks)

  • (a)        Outline the failure of King Saul                                             (5 marks)

(b)        Explain the achievements of David as King of Israel.           (7 marks)

(c)        Give four reasons why Christian in Kenya should build Churches  

                                                                                                             (8 marks)

4.         (a)        Outline seven characteristics of the prophets in the Old Testament 

                                                                                                                          (7 marks)

            (b)        Describe the call of Amos to become a prophet of God in Israel (8 marks)

            (c)        Identify the five visions of prophet Amos                             (5 marks)

5.         (a)        Outline the stages followed in the renewal of the covenant during the time

of Nehemiah.                                                                          (8 marks)

            (b)        Give six reasons why Nehemiah carried out religious reforms in Judah.

                                                                                                                        (6 marks)

(c)        What lessons do Christians learn from the renewal of the covenant by Nehemiah?                                                                          (6 marks)

6.         (a)        describe the traditional Africans view of a community.         (8 marks)

(b)        Explain six factors that have affected the traditional African peoples’ dependence on God.                                                                       (6 marks)

(c)        Outline six similarities between the Christian and traditional African ways of showing respect to God.                                                    (6 marks)

313/2

CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS EDUCATION

Paper 2

Oct./ Nov 2011

  • ½ hours

1. (a)    Basing your answer on the infancy narratives in Luke 1:5-56, describe what took place when Mary visited Elizabeth.                                                        (6 marks)

     (b)   Identify six lessons that Christians learn from the lives of Zechariah and Elizabeth

(6 marks)

    (c)  State eight ways through Christians in Kenya express their joy for the birth

           of   Jesus.                                                                                             (8 marks)

2.   (a)  With reference to the sermon on the plain, outline five teachings of Jesus on how human beings should relate to one another.                                                (5 marks)

      (b)  Describe the incident in which Jesus forgave the sinful woman in Luke 7:36-50)

(8 marks)

       (c) Give seven reasons why Christians should ask for forgiveness from God

(7 marks)

  • (a)               Outline the instructions that Jesus gave to the seventy two disciples when he sent them on a mission.                                                                            (8 marks)

       (b)   Relate the parable of the Pharisee and the tax collector (Luke 18: 9-14) (5 marks)

       (c) Give seven reasons that make Christians pray.                                          (7 marks)

4.    (a) Explain how Peter’s life was transformed on the day of Pentecost

             (Act 4:2:1-40)                                                                                                        (8 marks)

(b)        Outline Saint Paul’s teaching on how the gifts of the Holy Spirit should be used in the Church.                                                                                               (5 marks)

            (c )       State seven reasons why some Christians find it difficult to help the sick.  

                                                                                                                  (7 marks)              

5.         (a)        Give seven reasons for the importance of manual work in Kenya today.

                                                                                                                             (7 marks)

(b)        List seven activities that the youth should engage in during their leisure                          time                                                                                                    (7 marks)

            (c)        State six consequences of denying employees rest.                       (6 marks)

6.         (a)        Explain seven ways in which Christians can contribute towards the

maintenance of law and order in society                                        (7 marks)

(b)        State seven methods of disciplining errant members in traditional African communities.                                                                                    (7 marks)

(c)       Identify six obstacles to effective maintenance of law and order in

           Kenya today.                                                                                    (6 marks)

ANSWERS TO K.C.S.E QUESTION 2011.

PAPER 1.

  1. (a) The benefits of learning Christians Religious Education in secondary schools.
  2. It equips the learner with an understanding of God/ spiritual growth.
  3. The learner acquires life skills to handle challenges in life.
  4. It helps one to respect his/her own other people’s religious beliefs/culture.
  5. It helps one to acquire basic principles/teaching for Christian living/moral values.
  6. It enables one to understand how to relate with other people/ national unity.
  7. It gives answers to questions/mysteries of life /metaphorical
  8. It explains the origin/ purpose of human beings on earth.
  9. It leads to employment/career.

(b) The major divisions of the old and new testament.

  1. Law books – Torah / Pentateuch
  2. Historical books
  3. Poetic books
  4. The gospel/ Biological books
  5. Epistles/letters

(c) Ways in which the bible is misused in Kenya today.

  1. It is used to take oaths in courts, offices by people who may not be believers not saying the truth.
  2. It is kept in places associated with evils. Lodgings/ brothels.
  3. There is a distortion of the biblical teachings/specific verses are picked to fulfill individual demands/ misinterpretation/ false prophecy.
  4. Some people use the bible like an ordinary text book/reference.
  5. It is being used in witchcraft / cults to mislead people.
  6. Some people are using it to enrich themselves/ it is a tool of trade. (finance).
  7. Some new versions translated have changed the original meaning of the Bible.
  8. The Bible is not read for spiritual growth but it is kept for display.
  9. Some people use the Bible to threaten others/administer curses.
  • (a)  How God prepared the Israelites for the making of the covenant at Mt. Sinai.
  • God told Moses to remind the people of Israel of how He had brought them out of Egypt.
  • God told Moses that he wanted to make a special relationship with Israel/make them a kingdom of priests.
  • Moses called all the elders/people and told them what God had said.
  • God told Moses that he wanted Israelites to obey Him.
  • The Israelite promised to do all that the Lord had said/response.
  • God promised to come down and meet with the people on the third day.
  • The people were instructed to consecrate/wash their garments/clean.
  • Moses set bounds (boundaries of mountain) for the people not to go up the mountain/ touch the border of it.
  • The people were to abstain from sexual relationships.
  • On the third day, there was a thick cloud cover upon the mountain/loud trumpet blast/ manifestation.
  • Earthquake.
  • Moses brought the people out of camp to meet with God/they took their stand at the foot of the mountain.
  • The Lord came down to the top of the mountain/called Moses to go up to Him.

(b) Reason why the Israelites broke the covenant while at Mt. Sinai. (Ex 32:1-35)

  1. Moses their leader delayed to come down from the mountain. Too long /died.
  2. Aaron who had been left in charge of the people was a weak leader.
  3. The people demanded for a god /gods they could see/feel.
  4. The people were still influenced by the Egyptian way of worship /idolatry.
  5. Moses teaching / influence had faded / vanished from the peoples mind.
  6. The people lost in their invisible God.

(c) Lessons learned by Christians about the nature of God from the Exodus.

  1. God is caring
  2. He communicates
  3. He provides
  4. He is powerful
  5. He guides
  6. He protects
  7. He commands
  8. He is to be obeyed
  9. He punishes those who disobey him/justice
  10. He is holy
  11. He is faithful/ keeps promise
  12. He is patient/slow to anger
  13. He is merciful
  14. He is jealous
  • (a) The failures of King Saul.
  • He offered the burnt offering/ assumed priestly duties.
  • He lacked patience to wait for Samuel who was to offer burnt offering to God.
  • He disobeyed God’s command to destroy the Amalekites completely by sparing the life of king Agag.
  • He spared the best of the animals instead of destroyed them.
  • He lost faith in God/consulted a medium
  • He wanted to kill David /was jealous of David
  • He was deceitful to the servant of God.
  • He committed suicide

(b) The achievements of David as king of Israel. (Tangible things)

  1. David conquered, conquered the enemies of Israel.
  2. He expanded the geographical boundaries of Israel.
  3. He captured Jerusalem from the Jebusites.
  4. He made Jerusalem a religious centre by bringing the Ark of the Covenant there.
  5. He made peace treaties with his neighbours/diplomatic trade links.
  6. He composed psalms which he used during worship.
  7. He united the twelve tribes of Israel under one ruler.
  8. He made preparations for the construction of the Temple.

(c) Reasons why Christians build churches.

  1. Churches are used for worshipping God/prayer NB. Praising is not a point.
  2. The signify God’s presence/ house of God
  3. They are used for meetings/ place of gathering for members.
  4. Religious functions take place there/ festivals
  5. They are places where members receive religious instruction/preaching
  6. As a sign of prestige/recognizing/identification
  7. To demonstrate their faith in the existence of God
  8. To follow the traditions of the old testament teachings on the temple as a house of God
  9. It can be used as a place of refuge in times of danger/calamity
  10. As a sign of growth/numerical/geographical numbers.
  • (a) Characteristics of the true prophets in the Old Testament.
  • They were God’s mouthpiece/spokes people/mediators
  • They responded to God’s calling faith/they obeyed
  • They were called by God/divine call/received messages
  • They were given specific tasks to carry out
  • They communicated God’s messages with authority/without fear
  • They spoke the truth in all circumstances
  • Their prophesies came true/were fulfilled
  • They never worked for material gain/were not paid for their work.
  • They called people to come back to the covenant way of life/advocated/no materialism.
  • They pronounced God’s punishment/judgment/restoration/hope/ condemned evil.
  • They were persecuted for their work.
  • The led exemplary lives/role models e.g righteous life, prayerful.
  • They understood the nature of their prophecies.

(b) The call of Amos to become a prophet in Israel.

  1. Amos was a farmer tending sycamore trees/shepherd.
  2. He came from a village called Teroa in Judah
  3. He became a prophet during the reign of king Uzziah/Jeroboam
  4. God called him through a vision
  5. He felt a strong compulsion to prophesy
  6. He responded to God’s call in faith/obedience

(c) The five visions of prophet Amos

  1. He saw a swarm of locusts
  2. He saw a great fire sent by God
  3. He saw a crooked wall being measured using a plumb line
  4. He saw a basket full of ripe fruits
  5. He saw destruction of the altar/temple (Lord standing by the altar)
  6. (a) The stages followed during the renewal of the covenant at the time of Nehemiah.
  7. The people gathered in a public square in Jerusalem
  8. The priest Ezra read the law of the people
  9. They performed repentance gestures of raising/lowering their hands
  10. The people constructed makeshift tents/shelters to celebrate the feasts of the booths.
  11. There was national day of confession/fasting as they wore sack clothes
  12. Ezra led people in prayers of confession
  13. They sealed the covenant by singing an agreement under the leadership of Nehemiah and the priest.
  14. The people promised not to go against the Mosaic Law.
  15. The re-distribution of the people in Jerusalem and countryside.

(b) Reason why Nehemiah carried out religious reforms in Judah.

  1. To preserve the identity of the Jews as people of god/special people of God.
  2. To separate the Jews from foreign influence
  3. To purify the temple which had been defiled by keeping a foreigner.
  4. To reinstate the services of the Leviticus as priests in the temple
  5. To restore the tithing system that had been forgotten for the upkeep of the temple.
  6. To ensure that the Sabbath day was free from business activities.
  7. In order to cleanse the Jews who had intermarried with foreigners/ exposed to idolatry.
  8. To restore true worship /worship one God.

(c) Lessons from the renewal of the covenant by Nehemiah (Lessons should be actual. ACTION demonstrated lesson)

  1. Christians should ask for their sins to be forgiven
  2. They should lead righteous lives/be obedient.
  3. Christians should always pray to God.
  4. Christians should demonstrate humility
  5. They should avoid groups that can negatively influence their faith in God.
  6. They should teach others the word of God.
  7. They should set aside a day for worship/Sabbath.
  8. They should respect the Church as a place for prayer/institution
  9. They should read the word of God regularly.
  10. Share with the needy.
  • (a) The traditional African view of a community
  • The members of the community included the unborn/the living/living dead/the ancestors.
  • The members speak one common language.
  • They are related either by blood/ marriage/adoption/by ancestry
  • The community members occupy the same geographical area/region
  • They carry out similar economic activities e.g Luo fishing.
  • The community is made up of smaller units/clans/ not clans.
  • Each community had its own distinct rules/ taboos/beliefs/cultural practices.
  • Members of a community are expected to show mutual concern for the well being of others/community ownership of the property.
  • The members are expected to participate in the life of the community.

(b) The factors that have affected the traditional African people’s dependence on God.

  1. The introduction of the western culture.
  2. Some people rely on witchcraft to solve their problems.
  3. Greed for power/materialism without the fear of god.
  4. Some people rely on science and technology
  5. Money economy where success now depends on how much one earns.
  6. Abject poverty has made people lose hope/faith in God.
  7. Negative per pressure influences the members to rely on themselves other than God.
  8. Pressure of modern living makes people too busy to serve God/urbanization
  9. Modern education/formal

(c) Similarities between the Christian and Traditional African ways of showing respect

      to God

  1. In both members pray to god.
  2. In both they give offerings
  3. In both members sing songs
  4. In both members show respect to God by helping those in need.
  5. In both they use God’s name sparing/avoid mentioning God’s name carelessly.
  6. In both members use the God given resources/environment carefully.
  7. In both members they build/maintain/honour places of worship/shrines
  8. In both members take care of religious leaders/value religious leaders
  9. In both members obey the laws commands of God.

PAPER 2 ANSWERS.

  1. (a) What took place when Mary visited Elizabeth (Luke 1:5-56)
  2. She entered Zachariah’s home
  3. She greeted Elizabeth
  4. When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greetings the baby in her womb leaped
  5. Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit
  6. Elizabeth claimed with a loud cry.
  7. She blessed Mary and the child inside her womb
  8. Elizabeth wondered why Mary the mother of her Lord had visited her.
  9. Elizabeth informed Mary that the baby in her womb had leaped for joy in her greetings.
  10. Mary responded by praising God/she sang the magnificent
  11. Mary stayed with Elizabeth for three months.

(b) Lessons that Christians learnt from the lives of Zechariah and Elizabeth.

  1. Christians should be righteous /upright /blameless
  2. They should obey God’s commandments/ instructions
  3. They should persevere /be patient
  4. They should serve God faithfully/with commitment
  5. They should be prayerful
  6. They should depend on God/ ask for their needs/ have faith in God.
  7. They should believe Gods word.
  8. They should thank God for blessings
  9. They should praise /worship the Lord.
  10. They should desire to be led by the Holy Spirit
  11. Christian should rejoice at the blessing of others.

(c) Ways through which Christians in Kenya express their joy for the birth of Jesus.

  1. They sing/listen to Christian songs/carols.
  2. They attend Christmas worship/ service/mass
  3. They partake holy communion/Eucharist
  4. They exchange gifts /cards/ messages of goodwill.
  5. They visit/invite family and friends
  6. They decorate their homes /churches
  7. They buy /wear new clothes
  8. They prepare special dishes and /drinks.
  9. They rest from normal duties/no work
  10. They watch movies/films on the birth of Jesus
  11. They read Christmas stories /the Bible
  12. They help the needy/act of charity
  13. They repent/rededicate themselves to God.
  • (a) The teachings of Jesus on the sermon on the plain on how human beings should relate to one another. (Luke 6:27-35)
  • Human beings should love one another/their enemies.
  • They should practice sharing/ help others/be generous.
  • They should be merciful/ kind to each other
  • They should not judge/condemn others
  • They should forgive one another/not to revenge
  • Pray for those who wrong them
  • They should not discriminate against one another
  • They should do good to those who hate them

(b) A description of the incident in which Jesus forgave the sinful woman.

     (Luke 7:36-50)

  1. Jesus had been invited by a Pharisee for dinner.
  2. While he was at the table, a sinful woman came with alabaster flak of ointment.
  3. She stood at Jesus’ feet/ wet his feet with her tears.
  4. She used her hair to wipe the feet of Jesus.
  5. She kissed the feet of Jesus
  6. She then anointed the feet of Jesus with the ointment.
  7. The Pharisee who had invited Jesus questioned in his heart whether Jesus was a prophet.
  8. Jesus knew the thoughts of Simon and told him the parable of the creditor and the two debtors.
  9. Jesus asked Simon who of the two debts would love the creditor more.
  10. Simon said the debtor with more debt would love the creditor more.
  11. He told Simon that the woman had shown much love because her many sins had been forgiven.
  12. Jesus then told the woman that her sins had been forgiven.
  13. The other guests began to question who Jesus was to have the power to forgive sin.
  14. Jesus told the woman that her faith had saved her.
  15. He told her to go in peace.

(c) Reasons why Christians should ask for forgiveness from God.

  1. To be at peace with God
  2. To show obedience to the teachings of Jesus.
  3. To improve their relationship with others.
  4. It gives them confidence to serve God.
  5. To acknowledge their weakness/a sign of humility.
  6. It shows their desire to lead a righteous life
  7. It is a sign of appreciation of God’s mercy
  8. It is a way of self reproach
  9. It is a demonstration of their faith in God.
  10. So as to be forgiven by God.
  • (a) The instructions that Jesus gave to the seventy two disciples when he

      sent them on a mission (Luke 10)

  1. The disciples were to pray for more labourers to be sent for the harvest.
  2. The disciples were not to carry any pulse/bag/sandals.
  3. They were not to salute anyone on the road.
  4. They were to say peace to any house they entered.
  5. They were to remain in the same house? NOT to go from house to house.
  6. They were to eat/drink whatever was provided.
  7. They were to heal the sick
  8. They were to tell the people that the kingdom of God has come near.
  9. They were to wipe off the dust on their feet against the people if not received

(b) The parable of the Pharisee and the tax collector (like 18:9-14)

  1. Two men went into the temple to pray, a Pharisee and a tax collector.
  2. The Pharisee praised himself in prayer.
  3. He said he was only/better than others /tax collector.
  4. The tax collector also prayed but could not lift his yes to heaven.
  5. The tax collector beat his breast saying he is a sinner/asked for God’s mercy.
  6. It was the prayer of the tax collector that was accepted/ the tax collector was justified.
  7. Jesus concluded by saying that whoever exalts himself will be humbled/who ever humbles himself will be exalted.

(c) Reasons why Christians pray

  1. To show their dependence of God/faith in God.
  2. To express the power/greatness of God/adore/honour God.
  3. They pray to ask for their needs/seek guidance.
  4. Through prayer, they confess their sins /ask for forgiveness.
  5. To thank God for his faithfulness/goodness/blessings.
  6. Prayer helps to relieve fears/anxiety/worriers
  7. It is an instrument through which the work of Satan is destroyed.
  8. To communicate with God/have fellowship with God.
  9. To follow the example of Jesus.
  10. It is a command from God/a sign of obedience.
  11. To intercede for others.
  12. To seek protection from God.
  • (a) How peter’s life was transformed on the day of Pentecost. (Acts 2:1-40)
  • Peter was filled with the Holy Spirit
  • He started speaking in tongues
  • He became courageous/defended the disciples that they were not drunk
  • He was able to remember Old Testament prophesies/teachings
  • He began witnessing the life, death and resurrection of Jesus
  • He called people to repentance.
  • He was empowered to perform miracles
  • He took up leadership role

(b) Saint Paul’s teaching on how the gifts of the Holy Spirit should be used in the Church.

  1. The gifts of the Holy Spirit should be used for the common good of all.
  2. They should be used to strengthen/encourage and comfort members.
  3. They should be used to bring unity/not to discriminate/divide members.
  4. There is need to respect/appreciate all the gifts.
  5. They should be used in an orderly way/no confusion
  6. The gifts should be used in love
  7. The gift of speaking in tongues should be minimized in public worship.
  8. There is need to have interpretation of tongues for them to be meaningful/helpful.
  9. Prophecies should be carefully evaluated / weighed.

(c) Reasons why some Christians find it difficult to help the sick.

  1. Some Christians lack the gift of healing
  2. They are afraid of being affected
  3. Because the religious/denominational barriers
  4. They lack knowledge/skill of handling the sick
  5. They have no time for the sick
  6. Lack of faith in healing/miracles
  7. Because of poverty/ may not have enough resources to share
  8. Lack of love for the needy/sick
  9. It is difficult for some Christians to determine those who are genuinely sick
  10. Due to social differences/status/educational background
  11. Due to nepotism/ethnic affiliations
  12. Due to gender biases.
  • (a) Reasons why manual work in Kenya is important in Kenya today.
  • Through manual work human being emulate God as a worker
  • It is a sign of being obedient to God’s instructions to work
  • It enables human beings to look after/preserve the environment/be co-creators with God.
  • It keeps the body physically fit
  • Human beings are able to obtain their basic needs/earn their living through manual work.
  • It is a way of serving others/community/ economic development.
  • It enables human beings to develop their talents/abilities.
  • Manual work gives satisfaction/fulfillment
  • It keeps one busy/reduce crime.

(b) Activities that the youth should engage in during their leisure time.

  1. Taking part in Church choir/singing
  2. Helping the sick/needy
  3. Taking part in retreats/seminars/camps
  4. Reading Christian literature
  5. Playing games
  6. Planting flowers /trees/cleaning the compound
  7. Watching TV/listening to Christian music/messages
  8. Taking part in Bible study
  9. Visiting their friends/relatives
  10. Evangelizing/preaching/praying.
  11. Peer counseling

(c) Consequences of denying employees rest.

  1. It may lead to poor working relations
  2. The organization may realize low output
  3. The workers may resort to a strike action/go slow
  4. Some employees may lose their job through sacking/resignation
  5. It may lead to break up of families
  6. It can lead to labour conflict between the employers and the employees.
  7. Mistrust may arise leading to close supervision
  8. Employees may develop negative attitudes toward work
  9. Accidents are likely to occur
  10. Vandalizing
  • (a) Ways in which Christians can contribute toward maintaining of law and order in society.
  • By obeying the law of the land/ leading exemplary lives
  • By respecting the lawful authority
  • Through rehabilitating criminals
  • By condemning acts which violate human right/unjust laws
  • Through educating the masses on their rights/responsibilities
  • By sharing what they have with the needy
  • By praying for peace/the national leaders/citizens
  • By preaching on the importance of the law and order/peace
  • Forgiving others freely
  • Reporting criminals to the relevant authorities
  • Through reconciling the warning parties
  • Through guidance and counseling services

(b) Methods of disciplinary errant members in traditional African Communities.

  1. Paying fines
  2. Denying children food for sometime
  3. Reprimanding wrong doers
  4. Giving unpleasant names to reflect the wrong that the person had done/ridiculing
  5. Denying culprits access to social occasions/being detained/isolation.
  6. Summoning an undisciplined members before the council of elders
  7. Excommunicating wrong doers from the community
  8. Through caning/beating
  9. Disowning by parents/relatives/friends
  10. Being cursed by the elders
  11. Refusing to name children after them
  12. Demotion /denial of responsibilities

(c) Obstacles to effective maintenance of law and orders in Kenya today.

  1. There is an increase in the rate of crime/the law enforcement officers cannot cope with the work load.
  2. Due to unequal distribution of resources
  3. Permissiveness in the society
  4. Due to political  instability/incitement by politicians
  5. Extreme poverty
  6. Social discrimination (all forms of discrimination)
  7. Some cultural beliefs/practices hinder effective maintenance of law.
  8. High rate of unemployment
  9. Bribery/corruption
  10. Greed for material wealth
  11. Inadequate modern equipment to combat crime.
  12. Delay in the delivery of justice to the offended
  13. The citizens lack knowledge on the procedures for the effective maintenance of law and order.